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Best Center for Spinal Disorders
DR PRADEEP K SINGH
MINIMAL INVASIVE SPINE SURGERY
Many other neurosurgeons like Dr. Pradeep K Singh, spine surgeon in Mumbai, believes, that treatment methods for spine injuries have advanced with time. The face of spine surgery has grown and evolved with modern day technologies introduced in the treatment methods. The technical advances have not only improved the course of treatment but also have broaden the spectrum of options for patients. Each treatment method holds different meaning to different patient based on his/her the type and intensity of the problem.
Some of the most popular form of spine surgeries that are used widely for the spine treatment include, minimally invasive surgery, microscopic disc surgery, endoscopic disc surgery and more like these. .....................................................................................................................
Microscopic Disc Surgery
Microscopic disc surgery or open discectomy is a minimally invasive spine surgery method. It is one of the most common treatment option adopted for conditions like herniated or ruptured lumbar spine disc. Dr. Pradeep K Singh, spine surgeon in Mumbai is also one who practices the minimally invasive spine surgery methods in his treatment course for spine injuries.
Herniated disc is a result of weakened outer wall of the annulus ligament. When this outer layer tears out, it may allow the inner part of the disc to push its way out. When the part of the inner disc extends out past the normal margin of the outer disc wall, it may put pressure on the very sensitive tissues in the spine. This pressure can further damage the nerve tissue causing, weakness, pain and tingling on the back and in one or both legs. It is therefore, advised that if you experience any of these symptoms for a prolonged period of time, it is mandatory to seek the help of a professional. The treatment for each patient may vary based on their condition. Open discectomy involves a small incision in the skin to access the disc to remove some disc material. Though the surgery is a good treatment option, it not opted for everybody, and is limited to few specific conditions.
In most cases, patients find relief with the nonsurgical methods like physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medicines or epidural injections. Microscopic disc surgery is only recommended, after conducting prescribed diagnostic tests, when nonsurgical treatments have failed to respond. If the diagnosis confirms a case of herniated disc, the surgery is recommended.
Endoscopic Disc Surgery
Endoscopic disc surgery/lumbar discectomy is another minimally invasive spine surgery used as a treatment option used to cure pinched nerve or herniated disc. Discectomy is performed target the removal of extruded disc tissue and to decompress the pinched nerve. a pinched nerve can cause severe pain and tingling sensation in its targeted area. Discectomy helps patient to recover from these symptoms, providing them relief. The outcome of the surgery also heavily depends on the experience and expertise of the surgeon. Professionals like Dr. Pradeep K Singh, who has 18 years of experience, also provides endoscopic disc surgery in Mumbai. After going under discectomy many patient experience relief in their symptoms immediately, while others may experience a gradual recovery.
Deformity correction is used as a treatment option in the case of a degenerative spine disorder. Degenerative spine disease/disorder is caused due to the breakdown of intervertebral discs, as a person grows older. The common types of degenerative diseases include, scoliosis, herniated disc, spinal stenosis, sciatica and few others.
The treatment options for degenerative spine diseases include, massage therapy, exercise, prescribed pain medications, epidural injections and minimally invasive spine surgery.
Spine Infection Treatment
Spinal infection is a rare condition that can affect different areas of spine like intervertebral disc space, spinal canal or even the adjacent soft tissues. Discitis is a form of spinal infection that affects the intervertebral disc in the spine, whereas osteomyelitis is another infection that occurs in the vertebral bones of the spine.
Spine infections can occur as a result of diseases which weaken the immune system like, diabetes mellitus, malnutrition, intravenous drug abuse or in the case of history of organ transplant or use of immunosuppressants. The symptoms of spinal infection may include, tenderness in neck or back. increased pain with movement. the symptoms for overall infection can also include, fever, weight loss, chills or night pain. With time the back pain becomes severe with limited movements for the patient.
The initial forms of treatment for infection include a combination of intravenous antibiotic medications, bracing and rest. The antibiotics are usually prescribed for 6-8 weeks, whereas bracing helps in improving stability of the spine, while the infection is healing. Surgical intervention is only required in the cases where nonsurgical methods fail to provide relief to the patients.
Back and Neck Fracture Treatment
When the vertebrae bones in the spine break due to a trauma or injury it results in spinal fracture. Injury in the cervical area of the spine is classified as the neck fracture, whereas, thoracic (midback) or lumbar spine (lower back) is affected in the back fracture. A sudden onset of long lasting back pain can be a symptoms of back or neck fracture, especially if you are at a risk of having or have osteoporosis or low bone mass. An untreated spinal fracture can also result in loss of balance, reduced mobility decreased appetite and chronic back pain.
The treatment for back and neck fractures depend on the pattern of the fracture in the back fracture.
Flexion Fracture Pattern: this include stable burst fracture or osteoporotic compression fracture, which is usually treated with bracing for 6-12 weeks. However in the case of unstable burst fracture surgery is required, where spinal canal is surgically decompressed to stabilize the fracture. This procedure is referred as laminectomy.
Extension Fracture Pattern: the fractures that occur only in the vertebral body can be treated without surgery, with bracing for at least 12 weeks. Surgery is required for the condition where the fracture has affected posterior ligament of the spine.
Rotation Fracture Pattern: When the fracture results in the dislocation of the thoracic and lumbar spine in a high-energy trauma, there is a need to perform a surgery in order to stabilize the injury.
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